Lycopene is a kind of natural pigment in plants. As an antioxidant, it can significantly reduce oxidative damage of lymphocytes which induced by the body peroxidation, slowing the formation of atherosclerosis and other functions. Its antioxidant is 100 times of vitamins. Singlet oxygen and free radicals are the main reason for human aging, but also related to the body’s immune capacity. Lycopene protects phagocytic cells from the body oxidative damage, promoting lymphocyte proliferation, stimulating the function of effector cells, enhance the ability of macrophages kill tumor cells, reduce lymphocytes oxidative damaged, and promote certain interleukin producing.
Market studies have shown that lycopene has excellent physiological functions. It not only has the effect of anti-cancer, but also has important implications for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis and other adult diseases, strengthens the immune system and anti-aging and so on, is a promising new functionality natural pigment.
Inhibition of cancer
Lycopene can effectively inhibit cancer cell proliferation and replication, nutrition and medical field are called it as “plant gold”, has wonderful effects on preventing prostate disease, prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, uterine cancer. Lycopene has a role in the prevention and suppression of tumor, on one hand it was due to its antioxidant effects; one the other hand it was because lycopene can block the gene mutation process of cells under the action of the external mutagenic agents, this is an important mechanism of tumorigenesis. Lycopene may affect the stage of breast cancer, lung cancer and uterine cancer cell cycle; lycopene by inhibiting the transformed stage of the cell cycle to influence the growth of cells. When cells become cancerous, the binding of the cell gap becomes weak, lycopene can promote protein synthesis which can maintain cell gap normally binding, thus increasing the binding of the cell gap, effectively inhibit cancer. Studies have shown that lycopene has certain inhibition effect on gastrointestinal cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, bladder cancer.
The effectiveness of protective cardiovascular function
Lycopene can protect high-density lipoprotein from oxidative damage, regulate cholesterol metabolism, so that can prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. While Dutch scholar determined the carotenoids content of subcutaneous fat of myocardial infarction patients found that the patient’s lycopene content is lower than normal people, and the carotene content also significantly lower than normal human, it was indicating that these types of carotenoids are closely related to the occurrence of myocardial infarction. Pharmaceutical raw materials suppliers confirmed that taking natural lycopene can reduce serum cholesterol, prevent high cholesterol or hyperlipidemia, slowing the development of cardiovascular disease. Another study found that hyperlipidemia patients who did not receive lipid-lowering therapy, their body concentration of serum lycopene and carotene are lower than normal people.
It is visible that the role of lycopene is really broad, and the distribution also very wide, it was suitable for prostate disease, cancer patients, people who living in serious environmental pollution areas, elderly population which has low immunity and people who need to anti-aging. Therefore, we should pay attention to these roles and functions of lycopene.