Regular Dental Hygienist Appointments

Going to the dental hygienist is important in achieving and maintain good oral health. The hygiene therapy sessions will help that dental problems are caught in their earliest stages and treated before they can become more complicated concerns. Teeth can be kept bright and healthy-looking with the help of stain removal treatments that the dental hygienist can do during a hygiene appointment. The high cost associated with serious dental problems can also be avoided with regular dental hygienist appointments.

What to Expect from Hygienist Appointments
Oral hygiene is thoroughly evaluated by the dental hygienist, who has the special training specifically for this task. The teeth, gums, tongue, mouth, and the oral cavity is checked for early signs of dental problems such as tooth decay and gum problems. Problems that may not be readily seen can efficiently be detected by the hygienist, who can give the proper diagnosis so that early treatments can be given.

Screening for oral cancer is a part of a hygienist appointment. The whole mouth area will be painstakingly checked for even the smallest signs of abnormalities (lumps, sores, redness, etc.) that may be an early symptom of oral cancer. Early detection is highly important in successfully fighting oral cancer, and a dental hygiene appointment can detect the earliest symptoms so that the corresponding treatment can be given in the soonest possible time.

Advice on good oral hygiene practices -such as proper tooth brushing techniques and how to effectively use dental floss – can be given by the dental hygienist. These tips will help in the maintenance of good oral health on a personal level, to be combined with regular visits to the dentist and dental hygienist for optimum dental health condition.

Professional dental cleaning is included in an appointment with the hygienist. Tartar and plaque deposits in and around the teeth are removed before they can cause dental problems such as tooth decay. A dental hygienist session can also involve the removal of unsightly stains on the surface of teeth, as well as polishing the teeth so they look whiter, shinier, and much healthier.

Problems with bad breath are supported to be solved with fresh breath treatments, which are a part of a hygienist appointment. The source of the bad breath problem will be checked so that the corresponding treatment can be given, resulting in breath that smells fresher.

Sensitive teeth concerns are addressed by the application of a desensitizing seal during a hygienist appointment. The back teeth can be protected from tooth decay with the use of a fissure sealant treatment by the dental hygienist.

Those who want to stop smoking can get tips and advice from the dental hygienist on how to successfully quit this habit.

Detecting Phaeochromocytoma

Phaeochromocytoma is the name given to a tumour of the adrenal gland. It is a rare condition, but nevertheless it is one that doctors should be able to diagnose without much of a delay. This will ensure the prognosis for recovery is positive, as phaeochromocytoma can be effectively treated if detected in the early stages.

However, if medical professionals fail to recognise the problem in a timely fashion, the cancer could spread, causing further complications for the patient. This failing may also amount to medical negligence, as the inability to recognise the symptoms associated with phaeochromocytoma and order further tests will represent a substandard level of care.

Diagnosing phaeochromocytoma

Phaeochromocytoma will, upon first presentation, be extremely similar to that of high blood pressure (known medically as hypertension). It is not uncommon for this misdiagnosis to be made within the early stages, only for clinical suspicions to arise when treatment for high blood pressure does not alleviate a patient’s problems. The treating doctor (usually a GP) should then look for any other symptoms that could indicate a different diagnosis. The symptoms of phaeochromocytoma include:-

– Headache;

– Excessive sweating;

– Palpitations;

– Tremors;

– Anxiety;

– Nausea;

– Shortness of breath;

– Dizziness.

If a patient is presenting these symptoms, a doctor should be prompted to test for phaeochromocytoma. To begin with this will involve taking a blood test to assess levels of glucose, calcium and haemoglobin. A 24 hour urine sample should also be taken to analyse the levels of creatinine and catecholamines. If these tests point towards a diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma they may be repeated and, if there is evidence that phaeochromocytoma may be present, a patient should be sent for an MRI scan. This will locate all tumours located in the adrenal glands.

Consequences of a delay in diagnosing phaeochromocytoma

However, if doctors repeatedly fail to diagnose phaeochromocytoma, despite a patient presenting the typical symptoms, the consequences could be serious. Not only will a patient endure prolonged pain and suffering, but he or she will also need to have a greater area of the adrenal gland excised. In some patients the tumour may have spread to other parts of the body, making it much harder to treat.

Making a phaeochromocytoma medical negligence claim

A delayed diagnosis will, therefore, cause further injury to the patient. If a delay in diagnosis is the direct result of medical error, there will be grounds for a medical negligence claim. This may arise if doctors fail to arrange tests for phaeochromocytoma, fail to correctly analyse the test results or fail to refer a patient onto a specialist.

If you believe this has happened to you or a loved one, you need to speak to a solicitor as soon as possible about making a medical negligence claim. If successful, you will be awarded compensation for the damages you have experienced.

Most Common Types of Cancer in Women

 Breast cancer Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Cancer of Breast starts when breast cells starts developing uncontrollably.While in their growth,they attains the shape of a carcinoma which can only be diagnosed as a feeling of knot inside or by seeing through X rays. This lump can be destructive if it is successful in reaching nearby tendons, ligament or nerves and is deadly if it becomes a larger size & starts reaching to other internal organs.Generally women are mostly affected by it but occurance in men is also seen.
Causes: Exposure to certain factors is primary cause of it. Heavy drinker of wine or other fermented products is thought to be responsible for it & also that a family history of mother,sister or any other close relation having Cancer of Breast is liable for its occurrence.
* Some of the Syndromes:
i) Discharge from nipples in form of blood,
ii) Feeling of uneasyness in nipples
iii) Upturned shape of nipples
iv) Knotty feeling inside breasts
v) BruiseC or pain in nipples
vi) Weekness in body followed by loss of weight
vii) Lymph nodes getting inflated

* Cure: If Cancer is in primary stage then Oncologists suggest for –
I) Radiation therapy- High energy radiation is used with help of machines to shrink the size of tumor and thereby killing them.
Ii) Cryotherapy- In this treatment several Cryoprobes in form of sharp needles are injected in the cancerous lump and then chilled ice cold gas is passed through them thus freezing the harmful cells and making them senseless resulting in their death.
In such cases where lump has grown or gone out of control of such therapies then Oncologists suggest for Surgery as last option which includes-
i) Masectomy- Removal of affected breasts to save other organs from getting affected by it.
ii) Lymph nodes Surgery- It is generally suggested if lump has reached area of underarms and here after diagnosing either part or complete lymph nodes are operated and removed to prevent from spreading further.


 Colon cancer Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
After food is digested by mechanical system of stomach, esophagus & small is converted to solid waste after extracting proteins,vitamins,carbohydrates and fats from it and sent to Colon.This waste is exit out of the body through rectum and then anus.
– Colon cancer or other related cancer are mostly caused by Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. HNPCC occurs mostly during or before in the age group of 45-50.

– Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). FAP is a rare disorder that causes you to develop thousands of polyps in the lining of your colon and rectum. When a condition occurs in body where area of colon or rectum starts infected or covered by polyps

* Symptoms:
* Stool discharge followed by blood in it.
* Uncomfortable feeling in bowel due to blockage in it & also diversity in nature of tummy
* Feeling of passing stool but unable to clear it.
* Colour of stool getting dark due to mixture of blood in excreta
* Due to stomach unclear,gas is passed out with foul smell and with noise in it
* Urge to clear bowel increases at short intervals
* Stool getting thick

– In most cases tumor is removed by operating and then adjuvent therapy ( some sort of chemical reaction done through rays to enhance immunity of body)
– Patients who are suffering from Rectal cancer,Chemotherapy is suggested and alongwith, radiation therapy is also advised to increase body’s power to fight against such bad cells or cancer cells.


 Endometrial cancer Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
In cases where Uterus internal lining area gets affected due to uncheecked development of cells over there. Due to which cells can prosper in other parts of body as well.
* As per some indicative studies when estrogen in body increases and surpasses a certain control level,endometrium gets changed and thickened resulting in chances of Cancer.
* When in DNA sequence there is some permanent alteration seen, then normal cells gets out of control and starts multiplying on their own resulting in tumor.
* During Menopause, abnormal bleeding in vagina
* Pain in abdomen area
* Feeling or sensation of a knot in abdomen area
* Loosing of body weight
– Chemotherapy is suggested if it is detcted in early stage to kill cancerous cells
– Hormone Replavcement therapy is an therapy where Oncologists prescribe some tablets to block advancement of tumor cells
– Cases where it has gone uncontrolable, surgery to extracs uterus with cervix,ovaries & fallopian tubes is conducted in patients.
– In cases where tumor has spread to other parts,surgery is required to take out lymph nodes from affected area to save other organs.


 Lung cancer Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
In today’s scenario if we check which cancer is more morbid, Lung cancer will be at main position amongst both male and female.Earlier when normal cigarettes were smoked,there were instances of cancer but now with development and introduction of Mechanical or Automatic cigarettes,it is growing at a much faster speed.If we check statistics, deaths that occurred due to Lung cancer are almost 99 out of every 100 people who smokes. There are certain other factors as well like chemicals or contact with gas in a industry,pollution but they play a very smaller role as compared to smoking.
– Smoking is main cause for it.
– Secondhand smoking like smoking an cigarette used by an smoker is another risk factor.
– If a smoker works or comes in touch wiith some place where there is usage of Radon gas or burning of chemicals then there is a much higher risk of getting Lung Cancer.

* Symptoms:
* Continuos cough
* Uncomfortable breathing
* Dryness in coughing
* Feeling of pain in Chest area
* Blood or phlegm coming out in case of persistent breathing
* Pain in head
* Weight loss
* Pain in back of chest area

* Treatment:

* Chemotherapy- Chemo drugs are injected through vein in body which targets the affected area and immobilise bad cells

* Immunotherapy- Also known as biologic therapy,it improves body’s own defence system with help of certain sunstances made by own body or in some lab.

* Radiation therapy- Radiation is given to affected part so that growth of such bad cells may be stopped.

* Surgery- In some cases one lobe is removed, if it still worsens 2 lobes are removed and in case of more deteriorating condition entire lung is suggested to be removed so that it does’nt affect other organs nearby.

Radical Spleen Preserving Gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy in FullHD and better quality –

Surgery remains a mainstay in treatment for stomach malignancies. The key principle of oncological surgery is resection within healthy tissue with visualization of all vessels and adequate lymphnode dissection.

This video shows surgical technology of performing radical surgery for gastric cancer. In this case the tumoric invasion of gastric cancer to the pancreas, diaphragm and suprarenal gland was detected. All steps of en-bloc radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy with multiorgan resection are described.
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